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Contents Core Samples Fusion Crust Age Chemistry Martian Dust Mars Model Local Volcanoes Geology Report Glass Internal Structure Boundary Sites Overview MarsLife MarsRock Home Write NASA Metal Fragment New Photos
This document is a summary of the evidence that the rock recovered in the winter of 1971 on the Frass ranch in north Texas is a meteorite, probably from the planet Mars. Each paragraph of this document represents a summary of the tests and observations of this rock. More detail can be obtained by selecting the link or links within each paragraph.
This rock was collected on a private ranch in a known location, not accessible to the public. There is proof the rock had NOT been there for at least the last 50 years, so it is a recent arrival.
A competent observer who has spent a lifetime involved with science discovered and collected this rock.
The rock has been K-Ar dated at 49 and 13 million years. The rock appears to have been created by both events on the surface and at the same location of the same volcano. A major elemental analysis points to extra-terrestrial origin. I have now added three additional points and plotted these against over 60 local volcanoes and 5 Martian points.
The rock was formed by the intrusion of lava into a bed of sand. The lava cooled around the sand creating vesicles that are still filled with sand. This process occurred first about 49 million years ago (red rock) and repeated itself at the same volcano in the same bed of sand only 13 million years ago (gray rock), or 36 million years after the first lava flow. The sand that is still there is the same sand involved in the creation of the two rocks which are now stuck together. The red rock looks like it has been exposed to some water, while the gray rock appears never to have been wet.
The volcanic portion of the rock is magnetic and there are many magnetic particles within the "Martian dust" obtained from the interior of the rock. These particles would have to have been there when the rock was made. When I took the core sample, many of the vesicle's contents came out intact. They are the same shape as the vesicles and appear to be the remnants of a water system that had been dry for some time. The particles are held together by the bonds that formed when the water evaporated. Once water is added back, the particles split apart and reduce in volume.
The rock is very delicate. A core sample was obtained by driving a piece of 1/2" copper tubing into the rock. I could have easily driven the tubing completely through the rock. The internal structure is such that most of the walls between the vesicles are paper thin and are very weak. Imagine a 50 million year old rock that is so delicate one can break most of the inner walls with only a finger nail as a tool.
The rock has never been wet. Several water experiments show that different parts of the rock and its contents all react to the presence of water in ways that suggest they haven't been in contact with water for a very long time. Water causes part of the material within the rock to turn to what appears as a silicon glue and other parts to change particle size. The rock would absolutely not look as it does today, if it had been wet or been through a single freeze thaw cycle. The whole rock has been dry for at least 13 million years.
The structure and composition are similar to a space shuttle heat tile and demonstrate a large capacity to dissipate heat, thereby confusing the issue of fusion crust. The rock shows melting over the entire outer surface and acted much like a little space ship. Since the rock is very vesicular, the rock would have presented numerous fine walls to the heat of entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Thus the outer walls are thicker than the inner walls and act much like an eggshell to hold together this very delicate rock. The sand near the outer vesicles show melting into glass, indicating it was in the rock before the rock re-melted during entry into our atmosphere. All of the sand has been removed from all the outer vesicles to a depth of about 2-3 cm. This could only happen when the rock came through the atmosphere. There is no dirt or Earthly signs of weathering. When heated to 800 plus degrees F, the rock returns to room temperature within 6 minutes.
The Structure, composition of the meteorite, and orientation of entry into the atmosphere explain the amount of melting shown. Most melting is best viewed with a small microscope, but several areas are macroscopic and easily seen in the picture group. The streaking caused during entry of our atmosphere extends across both ages of material, indicating the two rocks were merged before the melting occurred.
The volcanoes of this region were not active when the two parts of the Frass rock were made. But since I have been asked to prove that my rock didn't come from any local volcanic fields, I have prepared such a document. This rock could not survive a single day of rain on our planet, much less 50 million years of weather. I have looked at the lava from many volcanoes in this region and this rock is totally different from any Earthly lava I have seen, even though many meteorite experts claim it is just like rocks in Arizona, Oregon, etc.. The walls are much too thin, and the structure and composition appear different. The sand from within the rock is not similar to the sand where the rock landed.
The rock shows no signs of Earthly weathering. The boundary layer between the red rock and the gray rock represents 36 million years without any weathering. The rock appears now just as it did the day I found it. It has never been wet or stored outside. The remnants of living things from within the rock must be at least 13 million years old, yet they are not fossilized or petrified. They are very delicate and have been preserved within the rock. There is no soil or attachments of any kind that suggest the rock sat on the surface of the planet Earth for more than the one night that any of us know about.
The Geology report is compatible with information from Pathfinder. All of the observations of Pathfinder have been consistent with what I have viewed in this rock, including colors, reflectivity types, and magnetic dust. It is now obvious that this type of rock is common on Mars, just as similar rocks are common on Earth. In the Pathfinder panorama view, there are a number of rocks that are very round, much like our rock. If these high silicon rocks represent half the rocks on Mars, shouldn't there be some that made the trip the Earth besides the Frass Meteorite? All of the colors seem to be similar, since the Frass Meteorite shows all of the major groups of colors found near Pathfinder, including the butterscotch colored sand. As an example, many of the rocks on Mars show a red streak and so does this rock. After spending over three years studying this rock and its contents, I have proposed a simple model of how a rock like this could be made on Mars.
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